The town forms part of the burgh constituency of Airdrie and Shotts, electing one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons. In 1832, the Town House was used as a hospital due to the cholera outbreak of this year. The depression years had made a great impact on the town and several well-known manufacturers ceased to exist and few replaced them. In its day, the Airdrie Observatory telescope would have been considered to be a research grade telescope. Airdrie is represented by several tiers of elected government. The first houses in Airdrie were built along this road. airdrieFEST 2019 – Sept. 7 from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. outside City Hall – will include more than 270 vendors, activities for children, food trucks, live entertainment and a special giveaway for Airdrie's 100th birthday. Following the codification of association football rules a local team called Excelsior was formed in 1878 which would later be renamed Airdrieonians. Many inhabitants also chose to emigrate around this time. These include: The town's major football club is Airdrieonians F.C., who play in the Scottish League One, and are based at the Excelsior Stadium. It is fair to say that, given its location near to Glasgow and other commercial or industrial areas, Airdrie might now be considered something of a commuter town. On 9 July 1918 nineteen miners died in the Stanrigg Pit Disaster. In the last decade of the eighteenth century, coal mining was in progress and around thirty colliers were employed. [1] The current observatory curators are AAA members Hannah Robinson and William Tennant. This telescope is no longer in use as repairs cannot be undertaken due to its age and fragility, but it can be seen in the local history room of today's library. [27] Fees were routinely charged within the schools with the belief they should be self-supporting until a parliamentary act of 1889 relieved some of the infant classes in schools of this burden. Following a long tradition, the current observatory curators are Bob Webster and Hannah Malone. The New Cinema was opened in 1920 in Broomknoll Street but it too has since closed. They were formed as a replacement for the original Airdrieonians, who folded in May 2002; in the immediate aftermath of the liquidation of Airdrieonians, a local consortium quickly formed to establish a new club named Airdrie United. It was reported that 50% of the registered population were unemployed. North Lanarkshire Council, the unitary local authority for Airdrie, is based at Motherwell, and is the executive, deliberative and legislative body responsible for local governance. Airthrey Castle in Stirlingshire may have a similar derivation.[8]. Up until 1975, Airdrie had its own Burgh Council. Airdrie also has signage in the Scots Gaelic language around the town centre, (alongside English) this was first introduced for the 1993 Royal National Mòd. These became known as the "Munklands" (Register of the Great Seal 1323). It lies on a plateau roughly 400 ft (130 m) above sea level, and is approximately 12 miles (19 km) east of Glasgow city centre. Airdrie Observatory is the smallest and second oldest. [32]. Airdrie is connected to the UK National Cycle Network by National Cycle Route 75. The telescope was adapted to use more modern eyepieces. St Andrew's Hospice is a palliative care unit with a strong emphasis on cancer care. 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It is operated by the Sisters of Charity and partly funded by NHS Lanarkshire. The Parkinson's Self Help Group (North Lanarkshire) is based in the Weavers' Cottages (1780) and provides support for people with Parkinson's disease. In 1160, Malcolm granted lands in central Scotland to the monks of Newbattle. The AAA hold weekly meetings in New Wellwynd Parish Church. North Lanarkshire Council divides Airdrie into the following wards and areas: There is no evidence to support the claim (George Chalmers, Caledonia[9]) that Airdrie is the site of the ancient battle of Arderyth. Ex-Baillie James Lewis was curator of the observatory from 1910 t0 1945. Horse race meetings were also held in the town (1851–1870) but this land became the golf course for the newly formed Airdrie Golf Club in 1877. The Charter does not mention anything resembling Airdrie, although this is where Airdrie is located. There are two trading estates in the town, Brownsburn Industrial Estate and Osprey Trade Park. the 212 from Coatbridge - Caldercruix via Airdrie and Plains, or the 247 from Monklands Hospital - Kirkintilloch via Airdrie, Glenmavis, Cumbernauld and Blackwood. [3][4][5] Historically part of Lanarkshire, Airdrie forms part of a conurbation with its neighbour Coatbridge, in the territory formerly known as the Monklands district (population approximately 90,000 including outlying settlements). Every meeting features a presentation from either a club member or guest speaker. Roughrigg Reservoir, run by Roughrigg Angling Association. The signs were originally erected by Monklands District Council, but have been maintained by North Lanarkshire Council. The pit was situated in boggy land and collapsed after being saturated by heavy rainfall.[30]. The Airdrie Arts Centre opened in 1967 in the former Airdrie Library building, and was a popular venue for concerts and plays, but was closed in 2012 by North Lanarkshire Council.[31]. The name Dunpeldre is found in the modern name Drumpellier, Metheraugh is Medrox; Mayeuth is Myvot and Clarnephin refers to the North Calder Water in the east of the parish (from old Brittonic name claur n afon meaning plain of the river). In addition there are several medical practices including the state of the art Airdrie Community Health Centre, dental surgeries, nursing homes and opticians throughout Airdrie. [14] One very important aspect of the town's history was the Cistercian monks of Newbattle Abbey, which is why the area is called the Monklands. The purpose-built observatory was incorporated into the new library building, with its dome on the library roof. Airdrie Sheriff Court provides a comprehensive local court service for the area including civil actions and criminal cases. This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 02:59. Whilst the Glenflagler Distillery is now closed the town still retains a strong involvement in the whisky industry. The West Central division of the Scottish Ambulance Service provides accident and emergency, and patient transport services for the town. Coordinates: 55°51′56″N 3°58′58″W / 55.86556°N 3.98278°W / 55.86556; -3.98278, Timeline of telescopes, observatories, and observing technology,,,,,,, Buildings and structures in North Lanarkshire, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 November 2019, at 00:38. A large contingent of Airdrieonians fought at the Battle of Bothwell Brig during the Covenanter Rebellion of 1679; their banner can still be viewed at the local library. Airdrie Golf Club was established in 1877. It is a great place to visit for all types of groups, societies and clubs and we use it throughout the year. Today the Observatory is still in use and will be celebrating its 120th Birthday in 2016! The location has been represented by several prominent Labour MPs in recent years: The current MP for the constituency is the Scottish National Party's Neil Gray. At the end of the First World War, Airdrie was hard hit with many casualties from the war. At this time, the number of houses being built increased dramatically and in 1821, by a private Act of Parliament, Airdrie became a free and independent Burgh of Barony. Entrants are accepted from all over the world and will have correctly answered the question 'which year was Airdrie’s observatory first established?' History of Airdrie Observatory The original telescope was donated by local astronomer Doctor Reid to Airdrie Library. Broomknoll Church (1889) – amalgamated with Flowerhill Church to form Cairnlea Church in 2016, Flowerhill Church (1875) – amalgamated with Broomknoll Church to form Cairnlea Church in 2016, New Monkland Parish Church (bef. In 1630 it finally appeared in the Register as Airdrie. By the turn of the century variety shows were becoming popular in the area and by 1911 the Pavilion in Graham Street was built which after initially being used as a music hall started showing cinematographic pictures. 46.61% were married (first marriage), 29.81% were single. The 1970s saw the opening of Monklands Hospital, which replaced an older hospital on the Airdrie House estate that had been closed in 1962 and demolished in 1964. Airdrie owes its existence to its location on the 'Hogs Back' – a ridge of land running from east to west. Definitive evidence of the existence of Airdrie as a tenantry was only made clear in 1503. It is administered by the Scottish Court Service and part of the South Strathclyde, Dumfries and Galloway Sheriffdom headed by a Sheriff Principal. [23], Journalism in Airdrie began with "The Airdrie Literary Album" in 1828. 95.74% were born in Scotland or described their nationality as Scottish. In 1160, Malcolm granted lands in central Scotland to the monks of Newbattle. The monks were farmers and some of their place names survive, e.g., Ryefield and Whifflet (the wheat flats). Monklands District Council was headquartered in the Coatbridge Municipal Building. Many Airdrieonians felt short-changed by MDC's actions and a significant political scandal known as Monklandsgate greatly tarnished the Council's reputation. Airdrie Public Observatory (55° 51’ 56” N, 3° 58’ 58” W) is a fully operational, historic astronomical observatory, which is part of the library building in the town of Airdrie, North Lanarkshire, Scotland.

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