At 11:25 a.m., the 2/9th Battalion advanced into the town and found the mosque intact. Giarabub lost its tactical importance and became a backwater, eventually being used as a staging post for the Desert Air Force. Two 25-pounders were pulled through the marsh behind the infantry through heavy going to Daly House, which delayed the attackers until 3:00 p.m.[15], The post was unoccupied and artillery and machine-gun fire from the town was inaccurate. This was the last Italian attempt to supply the oasis by land, after the defeat of the 10th Army in Operation Compass and the withdrawal from Cyrenaica. Siège de Giarabub; Une partie de la campagne du désert occidental de la Seconde Guerre mondiale: Giarabub / Jaghbub (centre droite) Rendez-vous amoureux: Décembre 1940-1921 Mars 1941 : Emplacement: Giarabub, Libye. Un escadron a récupéré les véhicules blindés, tandis que les escadrons B et C étaient équipés de camions de 15 cwt et 30 cwt (750 et 1 500 kg) . La cavalerie monterait une attaque subsidiaire depuis l'approche nord de Pipsqueak Valley, pour prendre l'aérodrome. Au matin du 20 mars, il avait été décidé de lancer l'attaque principale dans cette zone; opérations de soutien, une démonstration de la cavalerie au nord et du poste 76 sur la colline des brigadiers avait été prise par la compagnie D, 2 / 10e bataillon , qui a sécurisé le flanc de l'attaque et laissé les Italiens incertains de la direction de l'attaque principale. La compagnie D a avancé à travers la zone cultivée au nord-est de la redoute dans la ville, mais un champ de mines, repéré plus tôt par un équipage de la RAF Lysander , a mis longtemps à se dégager. [7][8][9], On 20 December, C Squadron conducted a secret reconnaissance of the outer defences of Giarabub. [11], The Regia Aeronautica (Royal Italian Air Force) made several attempts to supply the oasis by air but on 4 January, four 25-pounder field guns arrived at Siwa; on 9 January, the guns bombarded the Italian airstrip at Giarabub, damaging a transport aircraft and silencing two field guns. With the entry of Italy into the Second World War Giarabub was on the front line, guarding the southern flank of the Libyan-Egyptian border. Battlefield 2 mods - Forgotten Hope 2 - online gameplay - Duration: 20:29. [2] Gullies and re-entrants had been entrenched and barbed wire laid out around the village. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre, Photographie italienne de l'oasis de Giarabub en 1941. Le 2 décembre 1940, l'escadron B, 6e régiment de cavalerie divisionnaire australienne (6e ADCR) de la 6e division australienne , deuxième force impériale australienne , a été envoyé par la Western Desert Force (WDF) à l'oasis de Siwa en Égypte, à environ 65 km ) à l'est de Giarabub, pour soulager une force britannique qui était là depuis septembre. [22], The Australians used many hand-grenades clearing dugouts and soon ran out.

L'escadron a poursuivi sa course sur 7 km et a capturé Daly House, le dernier poste avant Giarabub. Once the Italian advance in September 1940 had been reversed by Operation Compass in December, the garrison at Giarabub found itself cut off by the advancing British and Commonwealth forces. 6ème cavalerie divisionnaire australienne, 6e régiment de cavalerie divisionnaire australien, 6e régiment de cavalerie divisionnaire australienne, Giarabub (film 1942) réalisateur: Goffredo Alessandrini, licence Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, 2100 (1350 soldats italiens et 750 libyens), 17 tués, 77 blessés (assaut final seulement), Cette page a été modifiée pour la dernière fois le 11 octobre 2020 à 12:26, This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article. [16] By the morning of 20 March it had been decided to make the main attack in that area; supporting operations, a demonstration by the cavalry to the north and Post 76 on Brigadiers Hill had been taken by D Company, 2/10th Battalion, which secured the flank of the attack and left the Italians unsure of the direction of the main attack. Un peloton avait évité le pire des bombardements mais avait perdu le contact avec le reste de la compagnie A et avait continué l'attaque.
The bombardment cut the line from the forward observer and the battery, which delayed an adjustment of range (shells also dropped short onto Ship Hill, causing one casualty). Le bombardement a coupé la ligne de l'observateur avancé et de la batterie, ce qui a retardé un ajustement de la portée (les obus sont également tombés à court sur Ship Hill, faisant une victime). Deux canons de 25 livres ont été tirés à travers le marais derrière l'infanterie en se rendant à Daly House, ce qui a retardé les assaillants jusqu'à 15h00. However, on 21 March, the final attack was launched. The cavalry would mount a subsidiary attack from the northern approach down Pipsqueak Valley, to take the airfield. It took place between December and March 1941 around the oasis of Giarabub (now Jaghbub), Libya. [2] In a message on 17 March, Erwin Rommel congratulated the garrison on its defense and assured them that friendly forces would relieve them soon. Après seulement deux jours, les Australiens se sont retirés de Giarabub, en raison de l'avance italo-allemande sur El Agheila. [13] The Australians reconnoitred the Giarabub defences on 12 and 16 March, finding a track across the southern marshes and a gap in the frontier wire large enough for vehicles.

Dans l'assaut final, le 2 / 9ème bataillon a perdu 17 tués et 77 blessés , tandis que les Italiens ont perdu environ 250 hommes tués, 1300 prisonniers (dont Castagna, blessé à la tête lors des combats) et 26 canons de campagne . Les forces italiennes et du Commonwealth avaient combattu pendant trois mois au bord du Sahara, endurant de grandes variations de température, des tempêtes de sable, les défenseurs souffrant d'une pénurie d'eau et de nourriture. Le transport aérien s'est avéré insuffisant et la faim a poussé de nombreuses troupes recrutées localement à déserter. An Australian listening post was met by an Italian patrol which withdrew when challenged. B. On 17 March, Erwin Rommel had congratulated the garrison on its defence and promised that they would be relieved; and on 24 March, Italo-German forces occupied El Agheila. [6] On 31 December, 6th ADCR suffered its first losses when a patrol was forced to retreat after coming under artillery fire, with two men killed and three vehicles destroyed. While many of the colonial troops surrendered quickly, the regular troops held firm for weeks and were still in place in mid-March. Giarabub était au bout d'une longue ligne d'approvisionnement, aggravée par le manque de véhicules. Wootten Force a été assemblé à partir du 2 / 9th Australian Infantry Battalion , renforcé par une compagnie d'infanterie, un peloton de mortiers, un peloton de mitrailleuses, un peloton anti-aérien et une batterie du 4e régiment, Royal Horse Artillery (4e RHA) avec douze canons de campagne de 25 livres.
An advanced landing ground was established by the RAF beyond Siwa but a lack of aircraft made it redundant. The start of the siege saw a garrison of approximately 800 Italians and 1,200 colonial troops at Giarabub under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Castagna. Fire of the mortars and machine-guns on Ship Hill and from a machine-gun detachment with A Company, covered the Australians as they captured the fifth knoll, just after 9:00 a.m.[23]. A Platoon had avoided the worst of the bombardment but lost contact with the rest of A Company and continued the attack. An Italian sniper stalked the machine-gun posts to no effect.


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