10-29. That they may work well, they are fed well; and every one, at least, earns the bread that he eats - eateth not the bread of idleness. Dr. Samuel Annesly, the wife of Samuel Wesley, sen., rector of Epworth in Lincolnshire, and mother of the late extraordinary brothers, John and Charles Wesley. In such intercourse the strength of body, soul and substance is destroyed. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. 1. For all her household are clothed with scarlet - Not scarlet, for the color can avail nothing in keeping off the cold; nor would it be a proper color for the bogs and dirt of winter. And let the reader seriously consider the above particulars, as specified under the different heads and subdivisions; and he will be probably of the same mind. -. May she long enjoy the fruit of her labors! In her house, diligence in business, and fervency of spirit, serving the Lord, go hand in hand. little children are often thus employed to help to support their indigent parents, and to fill the coffers of their unfeeling taskmasters. Thus all the servants are settled: their food, work, and tasks appointed. So the Syriac; and so I think it should be read, the ל lamed being the article or preposition. It needs no arguments to prove that women, even of the highest ranks, among the Greeks, Romans, and Israelites, worked with their hands at every kind of occupation necessary for the support of the family. They are taught the fear of the lord, and obedience to his testimonies; therefore they call her blessed. He is respected not only on account of the neatness and cleanliness of his person and dress, but because he is the husband of a woman who is justly held in universal esteem. She is here remarkable for carrying on a traffic of splendid and ornamental dresses, or habits, as she is, Proverbs 31:13, for "a coarser manufacture," The סדון sidon is supposed to come from the Arabic; and to signify a kind of loose inner garment, shirt, chemise, or fine muslin covering. Verses 10-31 This description of the virtuous woman is designed to show what wives the women should make and what wives the men should choose; it consists of twenty-two verses, each beginning with a letter of the Hebrew alphabet in order, as some of the Psalms, which makes some think it was no part of the lesson which Lemuel’s mother taught him, but a poem by itself, written by some other hand, and … The Arabic gives a remarkable translation of this verse: "She maketh towels, (or tablecloths), and sells them to the inhabitants of Basra, (a city in Mesopotamia), and fine linens, and sells them to the Canaanites." She is a virtuous wo man - a woman of power and strength. This chapter is added to Solomon’s proverbs, some think because it is of the same author, supposing king Lemuel to be king Solomon; others only because it is of the same nature, though left in writing by another author, called Lemuel; however it be, it is a prophecy, and therefore given by inspiration and direction of God, which Lemuel was under in the writing of it, and putting it into this form, as his mother was in dictating to him the matter of it. She avoids what might enervate her body, or soften her mind - she is ever active, and girt ready for every necessary exercise. She is not anxious relative to the health and comfort of her family in the winter season, having provided clothes sufficient for each in the cold weather, in addition to those which they wore in the warm season. The 22 verses (Proverbs 31:10-31) each begin with a successive letter of the Hebrew alphabet. See notes on Proverbs 30:8. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". The purpose was to make the passage memorable (easier to memorize), and to express poetic skill. Her goods are in high repute, and she knows she can sell as much as she can make. She seeketh wood and flax, and worketh willingly, etc. She knows that in every portion of a man's gain God requires a lot for the poor; and if this is not given, God's blessing is not in the rest. Such connections are those which destroy kings, מלכין melachin, the Chaldee termination instead of the Hebrew. 3. 1. 3. Her good is unmixed; she will do him good. "But a woman that feareth the Lord," that possesses true religion, has that grace that harmonizes the soul, that purifies and refines all the tempers and passions, and that ornament of beauty, a meek and quiet mind, which in the sight of God is of great price: -. Salem Media Group. Here is the summing up of the character. This kind of employment was not peculiar to the virtuous woman in the text. It is not the effect of internal moral regulation; it is an outside, at which the inside murmurs; and which, because not ingenuous, is a burden to itself. Some of these are so exceedingly fine, like the abrooam, that when spread on the grass, they are scarcely discernible. The purple was supposed to have been dyed by a precious liquor obtained from the pinna magna, a large shellfish, of the muscle kind, found on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. and not evil. The words of King Lemuel - מכך למואל דברי dibrey lemuel melech, "The words to Muel the king." Favor is deceitful, and beauty is vain, etc. But most probably double garments, or twofold to what they were accustomed to wear, are here intended. The loose Eastern robe is confined by these; and the word may also take in the shawl of the turban, which is often superb and costly. 2. Proud member 8. Presented here is a verse by verse exposition of the New Testament. It is presented as advice which Lemuel’s mother gave to him, about how a just king should reign, and in the second part detailing the attributes of a good wife or ideal woman. How kings should administer justice, Proverbs 31:8, Proverbs 31:9. She is watchful and careful. She is not regardless either of her own person, or of the decent, proper appearance of her presses and wardrobe. 20. Proverb 31 is the 31st chapter of the Book of Proverbs in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. Are appointed to destruction - חלוף בני beney chaloph, variously translated, children of passage - indigent travelers; children of desolation - those who have no possessions, or orphans. But if her husband and children alone are referred to, scarlet, which in the general meaning of the term, may be proper enough; as even in these countries of ours, scarlet, as being a lively bright color, is used in the winter dresses. And my old MS. very properly, Alle forsoth hir hoomli men, ben clothid with double. I have often seen it wrapping the bodies of mummies; it is something like our coarse calico. She plants a vineyard, that she may have wine for a beverage, for medicine, and for sacrifice. Favour, חן chen, grace of manner may be deceitful, many a fair appearance of this kind is put on, assumed for certain secular or more unworthy purposes; it is learned by painful drilling in polished seminaries, and, being the effect of mere physical discipline, it continues while the restraint lasts; but it is שקר sheker, a lie, a mere semblance, an outward varnish. The words and prophecy of King Lemuel, and what his mother taught him, Proverbs 31:1, Proverbs 31:2. Salem Media Group. Give her of the fruit of her hands; and let her own works praise her in the gates ( Proverbs 31:24-31). And she is not contented to give common alms. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. The praise of a virtuous woman and good housewife, in her economy, prudence, watchfulness, and assiduity in labor, vv. All rights reserved. Who can find a virtuous woman? Besides, she was a woman of great learning and information, and of a depth of mind, and reach of thought, seldom to be found among the daughters of Eve, and not often among the sons of Adam. 2. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 31:10-31 This is the description of a virtuous woman of those days, but the general outlines equally suit every age and nation. The Vulgate has "duplicibus." Conclusion Many of you will conclude this text is too much a minefield and steer clear, with good reason. - This and the following verses are acrostic, each beginning with a consecutive letter of the Hebrew alphabet: Proverbs 31:10, א aleph ; Proverbs 31:11, ב beth ; Proverbs 31:12, ג gimel ; and so on to the end of the chapter, the last verse of which has the letter ת tau . The epilogue in Proverbs 31:30 - Proverbs 31:31 is not the continuation of the husband’s speech. From this and some other circumstances it is probable that both these chapters were written by the same author. And to the women who are to be employed within she gives חק chok, the task - the kind of work they are to do, the materials out of which they are to form it, and the quantity she expects from each. Every thing is done orderly. She did not buy ready woven cloth: she procured the raw material, if wool, most probably from her own flocks; if flax, most probably from her own fields. 5. Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish - We have already seen, that inebriating drinks were mercifully given to condemned criminals, to render them less sensible of the torture they endured in dying. 19. The spinning-wheel superseded them in these countries; but still they were in considerable use till spinning machinery superseded both them and the spinning-wheels in general. Her loins are firm, and her arms strong. He preached in the same church as C. H. Spurgeon over one hundred years earlier. Give her of the fruit of her hands - This may be a prayer. Allowing that spindle and distaff are proper translations of כישור kishor, and פלך pelech, this was their use, and the way in which they were used. 4. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Many daughters have done virtuously - This is undoubtedly the speech of the husband, giving testimony to the excellence of his wife: "Her husband also, and he praiseth her, saying, 'many daughters,' women, 'have done virtuously,' with due propriety as wives, mistresses, and mothers; 'but Thou,' my incomparable wife, 'excellent them all;' כלנה על עלית ואת veath alith al cullanah, but Thou hast ascended above the whole of them - thou hast carried every duty, every virtue, and every qualification and excellency, to a higher perfection, than any of whom we have ever read or heard." Her Christianity gave to her virtues and excellences a heightening, which the Jewish matron could not possess. May she see her children's children, and peace upon Israel! Favor is deceitful, beauty is vain: but a woman that reverences the LORD, she shall be praised. She provides for the growing wants of her family. She does not restrict herself to the bare necessaries of life; she is able to procure some of its comforts. The fine linen or cotton cloth of Egypt is probably intended. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, The prophecy that his mother taught him -, Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish -, For all her household are clothed with scarlet -, And let her own works praise her in the gates -, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Whoever this was, he appears to have been the first-born of his mother: called here emphatically, It is intimated here that this son had come by a lawful marriage: hence. Commentary on Proverbs 31:10-31 (Read Proverbs 31:10-31) This is the description of a virtuous woman of those days, but the general outlines equally suit every age and nation. This acrostic construction was used in several psalms (such as Psalms 9-10, 25, 34, 37, 111, 112, 119, and 145 and Lamentations 4). But who is Muel or Lemuel? See note on Psalm 104:15. 9. As these were generally woven, the consumption was great; and an able artist must have had a good trade. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. She maketh herself coverings of tapestry -. Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou excellest them all. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Beauty, היפי haiyophi, elegance of shape, symmetry of features, dignity of mien, and beauty of countenance, are all הבל hebel, vanity; sickness impairs them, suffering deranges them, and death destroys them.

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