[19] Some Republicans argue the GOP should retain its historic link with blue, since most center-right parties worldwide are associated with blue. After the results were final with the Republican George W. Bush winning, journalists stuck with the color scheme, as The Atlantic's December 2001 cover story by David Brooks entitled, "One Nation, Slightly Divisible", illustrated. Polarization is more evident on a county scale with the growing percentage of the U.S. population living in "landslide counties", counties where the popular vote margin between the Democratic and Republican candidate is 20 percentage points or greater. I think Nevada is a very close swing state nowadays. In April 2008, Republican presidential nominee John McCain predicted that the presidential election that November would not follow the red state/blue state pattern, saying, "I'm not sure that the old red state, blue state scenario that prevailed for the last several elections works. ", elections in which the winner lost the popular vote, Acquisition of the Northern Mariana Islands, Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Red_states_and_blue_states&oldid=987120778, United States presidential elections terminology, Interstate conflicts in the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Articles that may contain original research from December 2018, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 01:28. But I've got news for them, too. This map was reprinted in US News & World Report a few months prior to the 2004 election. This is actually a decrease from both the 2012 and the 2008 elections, when Wyoming voted 68.6% Republican and 69% Republican, respectively. Utah has voted Republican in the last 12 election cycles and in the last 4, this has been with over 60% of the vote. Traditional political mapmakers, at least throughout the 20th century, had used blue to represent the modern-day Republicans, as well as the earlier Federalist Party. Quickly thereafter, the term Purple America permeated the political blogosphere and entered the public lexicon as a way of stating that the United States is not as divided as the political pundits would have the people believe. [43][44][45], U.S. states that vote predominantly for Democrats (blue) or Republicans (red), "Red state" and "Blue state" redirect here. Some election maps, however, have broken this tradition by simply coloring each areal unit with a red-blue mixture linked to voting ratio data—resulting in an "unclassified choropleth map". Currently in its 12th consecutive Republican streak, the last 5 elections have been won with over 60% popularity. Supreme Court hears arguments in case over religious freedom and LGBTQ rights. In early October, the day after debating Democratic vice presidential nominee Sen. Kamala Harris in Salt Lake City, Vice President Mike Pence headed south to make a stop in Boulder City, Nevada, population: 16,207. [1] The feature proved to be so popular that, four years later, all three major television networks used colors to designate the states won by the presidential candidates, though not all using the same color scheme. Both provided Obama with double-digit margins of victory over McCain. Former Nevada Democratic Sen. Harry Reid said the same last year, when he told Vox: “If you want to do well in the West, you have to come to Nevada.”. Archie Tse, The New York Times graphics editor who made the choice when the Times published its first color presidential election map in 2000, provided a nonpolitical rationale for retaining the red–Republican link, explaining that "Both 'Republican' and 'red' start with the letter 'R. The recent (21st century) association of colors in American politics lies contrary to the long-standing conventions of political color in most other countries whereby red symbols (such as the red flag or red star) are associated with left-wing politics. The paradigm has come under criticism on several fronts. Trump lost Nevada in 2016 by a narrow margin, and he fared better than prior Republican candidates John McCain and Mitt Romney, according to The Associated Press. McCain got a slight majority (52% to 47%) of households consisting of married couples; Obama led almost 2–1 (65% to 33%) among unmarried voters. Some maps use more classes, such as shades of red and blue to indicate the degree of election victory. We coach Little League in the blue states and have gay friends in the red states. A map showing red states, blue states, and swing states as of the 2016 Election. By breaking the map down into smaller units (including many blue counties lying next to red counties), these maps tend to display many states with a purplish hue, thus demonstrating that an ostensibly blue or red state may, in fact, be closely divided. [not verified in body] Examining patterns within states reveals that the reversal of the two parties' geographic bases has happened at the state level, but it is more complicated locally, with urban/rural divides associated with many of the largest changes.[2].   Democratic win over 5% In the days following the 2000 election, whose outcome was unclear for some time after election day, major media outlets began conforming to the same color scheme because the electoral map was continually in view, and conformity made for easy and instant viewer comprehension. For other uses, see, Color representation swap from original meaning, Table of presidential elections by states since 1972, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Political ideologies in the United States, "When red meant Democratic and blue was Republican. In 2016, Republican support was just under 60%, at 59.3%. What Is The IUCN Red List? Election maps often use a two-class color scheme (red and blue), which results in a map that is easy to read but is highly generalized. North Dakota is considered a “safe” state for Republicans meaning that the party garners strong majority support during elections. Arizona’s food service industry employs about 230,000 people and an estimated 80% have been furloughed or laid off. NBC continued its color scheme (blue for Republicans) until 1996. The president’s supporters are betting they will. Nevada has gone for a Democrat in every presidential election since 2004, but it is still considered a “purple state,” and Republicans are hoping it will swing bright red this year. ", "Ideas & Trends; One State, Two State, Red State, Blue State", "Those Special Election Bells, Whistles and, Yes, Some Numbers, Too", "A Divided Government Remains, and With It the Prospect of Further Combat", "Learn the signs of your political colors", "Ideas & Trends; One State, Two State, Red State, Blue StateΨ Page 2 – New York Times", "Rules and Principles of Scientific Data Visualization", "Keynote Address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention", "Maps and cartograms of the 2004 U.S. presidential election results", "We Are All Purple: The Destructive Lie of Red States and Blue States", "Cartographic variations on the presidential election 2000 theme", "For a Conservative, Life Is Sweet in Sugar Land, Tex", "Electorally competitive counties have grown scarcer in recent decades", "The Divide Between Red and Blue America Grew Even Deeper in 2016". The outlet categorized it as one of the states Biden must “defend,” along with New Hampshire, Maine and Minnesota. By Amber Pariona on March 25 2019 in Politics. However, in Nevada those rates have remained consistently high. Copyright © 2020 Deseret News Publishing Company. By 1996, color schemes were relatively mixed, as CNN, CBS, ABC, and The New York Times referred to Democratic states with the color blue and Republican ones as red, while Time and The Washington Post used the opposite scheme. The look of a map can vary significantly depending on the classification choices. While there are various techniques available, the choice is essentially arbitrary. Given the general nature and common perception of the two parties, "red state" implies a conservative region or a more conservative American, and "blue state" implies a more liberal region or a more liberal American. Maps of this type are called choropleth maps, which have several well-known problems that can result in interpretation bias. Since the 1984 election, CBS has used the opposite scheme: blue for Democrats, red for Republicans. [35][36] Nearly half of U.S. voters resided in counties that voted for Bush or Kerry by 20 percentage points or more in 2004. The exceptions were New Mexico (Al Gore in 2000 and Bush in 2004), Iowa (Gore in 2000 and Bush in 2004), and New Hampshire (Bush in 2000 and Kerry in 2004). Blue and Red states have several demographic differences from each other. So far, Biden continues to lead in the polls in Nevada. These maps give extra visual weight to larger areal units, whether by county or state. Each tend to bring out some patterns while obscuring others. The association between colors and demographics was notably made in a column by Mike Barnicle,[citation needed] and reinforced in a controversial response from Paul Begala,[citation needed] though the association between demographics and voting patterns was well known before that. [citation needed] It attempts to reflect the margin of victory in each county by coloring each with a shade between true blue and true red. [24] Large areas of color appear more saturated than small areas of the same color. One factor on the jobs front working in Biden’s favor in Nevada is the support of the Culinary Union — one of the most powerful political groups in the state representing 60,000 workers, many of whom were employed in casino resorts but lost their jobs in March. consistently one of Americans’ top concern each election cycle, Biden inches closer toward victory while Trump teams head to court to challenge votes, Political courage: The missing ingredient for a functional Congress, Outspoken Salt Lake school board member Mike Nemelka trails opponent, Hospitalizations climb again as COVID-19 numbers show no sign of decline in Utah, What we’re waiting for on the second night of the election, High school volleyball: Lehi cruises past Box Elder to advance to 5A quarterfinals, Skaggs Catholic Center members come together to pray for mother, children caught in tragic Nevada shooting, Labor of love: The 50-year journey of a retired BYU professor to publish the Scripture Citation Index. Federal figures show that about 24,000 out-of-work Nevada residents filed first-time unemployment claims. If Jimmy Carter, the Democratic candidate that year, won a state, it lit up in red whereas if Gerald Ford, the incumbent Republican President, carried a state, it was in blue. 27.5% of the state voted Democrat.

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