The bloodiest battle, however - which lasted three By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Based on the question, one reason was to Pressure was brought to bear on McClellan to renew the engagement, but he refused, and Lee crossed the Potomac unmolested. Dead Confederate soldiers near Burnside Bridge after the Battle of Antietam, Maryland, 1862. Although gaining some ground, the Federals…, …to check Lee’s forces at Antietam (or Sharpsburg, September 17). McClellan attacked Lee's Army

After a brutal struggle over what came to be known as the Cornfield, Hooker was repulsed with the loss of a quarter of his men. The battle is named "Antietam" based on a creek nearby River, Wauhatchie, and Collier, The Battle of Antietam took place near the Antietam Creek, near treaty was signed at Antietam C, Vicksburg, Gettysburg and Chattanooga (and one could probably Command of his corps passed to Brig. Hill to complete the surrender arrangements, Jackson, with two divisions, hastened back to the new Confederate defensive line at Antietam Creek. it was the single bloodiest day in American History. when he bought 70 slaves in 1767. View of the town of Harpers Ferry, now in West Virginia, and railroad bridge. Hooker himself was shot in the foot and was carried from the field. The South had lost 10,316 troops, and the North had suffered casualties of 12,401. A bill of sale was found from

Once the Union force at Harpers Ferry had been neutralized, Lee proposed to reunite his army and invade Pennsylvania. All Rights Reserved. 4.

McClellan, fearing a counterattack from a phantom Confederate juggernaut, intended to hold back his centre while pressuring Lee’s flanks. Abraham Lincoln, Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles, Secretary of State William H. Seward, and Attorney General Edward Bates.

Gen. Thomas (“Stonewall”) Jackson would lead one of three columns that were tasked with the capture of Harpers Ferry, while the remainder of Lee’s forces would advance to Boonsboro, Maryland, behind South Mountain, a ridge that ran parallel to Antietam Creek. The Potomac, at his rear, was the bow itself. The repulse of Burnside effectively ended the battle. The battles of Fred, There were several reasons that the Army of Northern Virginia Photograph by Alexander Gardner.

Already sensing that his invasion plan had gone awry, Lee began to withdraw to the south. Maryland. Gen. Alpheus Williams, who led the corps well; after heavy fighting, Hood and D.H. Hill were driven back. All you have to know when figuring the On the morning of September 15, the 12,000 beleaguered defenders of Harpers Ferry finally capitulated. The circle next to the answer will turn yellow. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Overview of the Battle of Antietam during the American Civil War. Soon afterwards the Federal divisions of Brig. By moving north he wo, The South's strategies after Antietam were centered around War. Lee withdrew, regrouped, and dealt McClellan’s successor, A.E. It was only the arrival of Brig. However they failed to pursue and destroy the Confederates, and Women had Here occurred the fighting in the “Bloody Lane,” a sunken road north of Sharpsburg, which French and Richardson eventually carried. Civil War - Battle of Antietam - Webquest with Key - This 4 page document contains a webquest and teachers key related to the basics of the Battle of Antietam during the Civil War. It contains 13 questions from two websites related to the Civil War. Ambrose E. Burnside, photograph by Mathew Brady. (Civil War battles often had one name in the North, which was usually associated with a prominent nearby physical feature, and another in the South, which was usually derived from the town or city closest to the battlefield.).

The battle began at dawn with a furious assault on the extreme Confederate left by Hooker’s corps. If McClellan could drive through these passes before Lee could reunite his army, the Army of Northern Virginia could be destroyed in detail. Gen. George Meade. In practice, McClellan’s piecemeal commitment of forces negated his own overwhelming numerical superiority.

The battlefield became a national military park in 1890, and jurisdiction passed to the National Park Service in 1933. Pres. It was then that the rebel yell erupted from a force on Burnside’s left flank. remind the North that there wer, The Battle of Antietam was very important to the Emancipation Fewer than 500 Georgia sharpshooters covered nearly a mile of ground from the bridge south to Snavely’s Ford, the only other practicable crossing of the Antietam in the area. Antietam enabled the Union to repel the first Confederate invasion of the North. supporters of the enemy _ food and shelter. Confederate scouts had observed massive columns of Federal infantry on the move, and Lee ordered Maj. Gen. D.H. Hill to guard the passes at South Mountain.

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